Before Treatment, Front Cover

Early 20th c. Bible:  This Bible was re-sewn, a new leather spine added and the original spine adhered on top of the new.

After Treatment, Front Cover

Leather bindings

Late 19th c. Bible:  This Bible was re-sewn, new endbands added, and a new leather spine added with titling and decoration stamped in gold.

 Before Treatment, Front Cover

BOOKSMITH CONSERVATION​

After Treatment, Spine

Late 19th c. Bible:  The original spine was too degraded to save.  New leather was toned to match a mid-tone of the original leather.  The textblock was consolidated, new leather spine added and board edges recovered with leather. 

Before Treatment, Spine

 After Treatment, Front Cover

Before Treatment, Front Cover

After Treatment, Spine